Mpande had announced Cetshwayo as his heir shortly before becoming king, this was at an unusually early stage – Mpande even took the step of introducing Cetshwayo to the Boer Volksraad at Pietermaritzburg in 1839. [Here, add your last date of access to BRANCH]. In 1869 the Lieutenant Governor of the Colony of Natal, Sir Anthony Musgrave, was called in to solve the argument between the two groups, but he failed to do so. Dino Franco Felluga. Without the full backing of the British parliament, Frere went ahead with his war plans. As expected, the ultimatum was not met, and in January 1879 the British attacked Zululand. King Cetshwayo’s place of birth was his father’s (Mpande) kraal of Mlambongwenya, near Eshowe. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net. On his retreat he learned about the assassination of the King Shaka by Dingaan, also half brother to Shaka. 1. Ed. Mpande became worried that Cetshwayo was gaining too much influence and began to favour Mbuyazi, son of his most beloved wife. Cetshwayo was depicted as a military despot barely able to hold back his warriors from attacking Natal, and the Zulu kingdom as a steam engine with a stuck safety valve about to explode. Standard Encyclopedia of Southern Africa, Cape Town: NASOU, v. 7, p. 626. Cetshwayo. Gemeenten in het district  [ bewerken | brontekst bewerken ] Cetshwayo’s grave, in the Nkandla forest, is considered sacred and is guarded by the Zulu. The British recovered from their defeat and later reached Ulundi (the capital of Zululand), seizing and burning it in July of that year; this was followed by Cetshwayo’s capture in August and his subsequent exile to Cape Town. Mpande was often viewed as a weak man in comparison to his contemporaries as a result and Cetshwayo began gaining influence over the Zulu people. The official cause of his sudden death was given as a heart attack, though the Zulu believed he had been poisoned. The British Secretary for Native Affairs in Natal, Theophilus Shepstone, encouraged Cetshwayo to proclaim his loyalty to his father, and in 1865 Mpande and Cetshwayo were reconciled and in 1857 Cetshwayo and Mpanda came to terms: Cetshwayo would have effective control of the nation whilst Mpande would retain 'ultimate' authority and the title of king. The Zulus won the Battle of Isandlwana, but they lost the crucial Battle of Ulundi (oNdini). The British took over preexisting Boer claims to parts of western Zululand, and in early 1878 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, the Transvaal administrator, and Sir Bartle Frere, the high commissioner of the Cape (see Cape of Good Hope), began a propaganda campaign against Cetshwayo and the Zulu. Although Cetshwayo escaped from oNdini, he was soon captured in the Ngome Forest by British dragoons. Mpande’s forces were defeated by Shoshangane’s force and he was forced to retreat. At time of his birth, Shaka Zulu was wielding a very powerful command of the Zulu nation. The App will allocate unique reference numbers for all your logged cases… This source consists of three documents which were dictated by Cetshwayo, the Zulu king, while he was a prisoner in exile. On the afternoon of 8 February 1884 Cetshwayo died. King Cetshwayo, the last great ruler of Zululand, is captured by the British following his defeat in the British-Zulu War. 121 A further twist to the story is that Cetshwayo got wind of the plot and tipped the nephew off, so that in the event he escaped death and secured his inheritance. tReprint series, vno. As the situation worsened, Mpande made more of his support for his son Mbuyazi. In view of the evidence mentioned above (p. 257) that such leaks were usually not accidental, it may be that the impi was intended as nothing more than a gesture to the favourite assuring him of the king's continued esteem. Although Cetshwayo was initially supported by the likes of Shepstone and the British the Zulu King soon became a threat to the British confederation of South Africa as the Zulu nation grew in military power under his rule. His father declared him his successor very early on in life, which was unusual for a King to do. 2.2. The Last Zulu King: The Life and Death of Cetshwayo, London: Longman|Biography of Cetshwayo kaMpande, the last king of an independent Zulu nation (1872-1879). Drought and famine hit the Zulu nation in the summer of 1852–3 and various factions looked towards civil war as an opportunity to gain cattle. For support at time of his birth, Shaka Zulu ’ s half brother they! 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